Waxing, waning, new, full…..maybe you are thinking that we should leave the moon phases to the astronomers. But I want to share with you what moon phase gardening is all about, and then you can decide for yourself if this may be a growing method you want to try.
What Is Moon Phase Gardening
Moon phase gardening is an ancient gardening method that follows the the cycles of the Moon and how they affect plant growth. Just as the moon’s gravitational pull causes tides to rise and fall, it also affects moisture in the soil. Therefore, it’s said that seeds will absorb more water during the full moon and the new moon, when more moisture is pulled to the soil surface. This causes seeds to swell, resulting in greater germination and better-established plants. (Okay, I’m listening!)
Moon phase gardening, or gardening by the moon, takes into account two periods of the lunar cycle: 1) the time between the new moon and the full moon (the waxing of the moon), and 2) the time between the full moon and the new moon (the waning of the moon). It’s considered best to plant certain types of plants during the waning of the moon and other types during the waxing.
But that isn’t all. The moon also impacts plant growth. All roots grow downward in the direction of gravitational pull and all stems grow upward toward the sun. Even though the sprouting seed is underground, it grows naturally in the opposite direction of its roots. Consider seedlings. When you place a seed underground, you may not always have it facing the right direction. That is okay because if it is positioned incorrectly, it will turn itself around and send its shoots upward, even though it’s in total darkness. Why is that?? It is because of geotropism—which is how plants grow in response to gravity. Roots grow downward in the direction of gravitational pull and stems grow in the opposite direction.
Gardeners who rely on planting by the moon’s phases are convinced that this ancient tradition produces healthier, more vigorous plants and bigger crops. Many gardeners agree that planting by the moon really works. Others think moon phase gardening is pure myth. You be the judge!
How To Plant By the Moon’s Phases
This is pretty simple, and there are only two steps, but it is important to understand the distinction between the two to make sure you get the benefits of moon phase gardening.
#1 Plant Above Ground Crops During the Waxing of the Moon
Plant your annual flowers and fruit and vegetables that bear crops above ground (such as corn, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini) during the waxing of the moon—from the day the moon is new to the day it is full. As the moonlight increases night by night, plants are encouraged to grow leaves and stems.
#2 Plant Root Crops During the Waning of the Moon
Plant flowering bulbs, biennial and perennial flowers, and vegetables that bear crops below ground (such as onions, carrots, and potatoes) during the waning of the moon—from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again. As the moonlight decreases night by night, plants are encouraged to grow roots, tubers, and bulbs.
Let’s tease this out a bit to make it a bit more clear. Here is a question to help. What is your goal when you plant a seed that is going to produce a crop above ground? It is to sprout the seed right?? So when the seed sprouts it needs LIGHT, when the moon is waxing it is producing light all night long, more so than when it is in the waning phase of the cycle. See the chart above for detail. The waxing phase of the moon is from the new moon to the full moon. And likewise, when you plant root vegetables and bulbs, and perennials, what is the goal?? To develop strong roots right? And that happens underground where there is no light. The thought is that the darker the night sky, the more the plants are encouraged to do their work underground.
Other Considerations When Gardening By The Moon
You could easily refer to a calendar for the moon’s phases, but we also want to take one more thing into account. OUR CLIMATE!!! You have heard your mom say it a million times, and you have probably said it yourself a time or two. Just because you can doesn’t mean you should. This definitely applies to moon phase gardening. Just because it is a full moon doesn’t mean that you should plant seeds. There are other things to take into account like the temperature of the soil, how long it will take the seed to germinate, and where the date falls in the growing cycle. I am going to share with you a few resources that have taken the guesswork out of this for us, but I am also going to share how to figure this out on your own too. It isn’t hard at all.
The Old Farmer’s Almanac is probably the most trusted resource for planting dates when following the moon phases. Their suggested planting dates factor in not only the moon phases but also growing zone, but there is still more to be done. If we want specific dates to plant or not plant, we will need to do a little bit of homework.
Planting Dates This Month
Okay, I know this is what you want. Did you just scroll all the way down and skip the rest?? It is okay if you did. Here are my recommended planting dates for September, and what I will be planting then.
September 6th-12th – Plant first round of fall root veggies now!
September 17th-20th – Plant fall herbs and flowers now!
September 23rd-29th – Plant fall transplants now!
September 28th-30th – Plant leafy greens now!
Gardening is a journey of growing, and the plants aren’t the only thing that grows if you know what I mean. We grow right along with those veggies, learning and maturing in wisdom and knowledge and gaining new perspective about nature and the world we live in. We are able to see the Creator in so many ways when we are in the garden, and now we can see Him in the moon as well. It is a beautiful thing!
Soil is the foundation of the garden symphony, a good plan is the cornerstone, and succession planting is the heart. The benefits of creating an environment where plants can thrive are multiplied exponentially with succession planting.
A well laid plan and nutrient rich soil allow us to have a garden that never stops producing. Year round we see the fruit of our labor. But succession planting is how we do it. Succession planting allows us to extend our harvest by staggering plantings of crops, planting varieties with staggered maturing dates, and constantly taking out the old and putting in the new. Succession gardening is possible in the south because of our mild climate, but it requires some careful planning. You will be shocked to learn what you can harvest for your family in your garden space. Here are three methods of succession planting that every southern gardener should know and practice.
Space out plantings of the same vegetable every two to four weeks. Many vegetables fade after producing their initial crop, setting a heavy yield initially, then smaller and smaller yields throughout the season. Rather than planting your entire row of beans all at once and having one feast then babying the plants for mediocre yields the remainder of the season, you can plant some at the beginning of the season and then plant more in two week intervals. Doing this allows a new crop to be continually coming in. More beans for you!!
Staggered Picking Dates
Just as succession planting allows the gardener to stagger the planting dates, you can also stagger the dates you will pick your veggies. Do this by planting different varieties. For example, cabbage varieties can be planted for different maturing dates by choosing “early,” “mid,” or “late” season varieties. Blue Vantage and Platinum Dynasty are early season cabbage varieties, meaning they will be ready to harvest in about 60 days. Cheers on the other hand takes 75 days to maturity. And Flat Dutch takes 100 days to be ready to pick. By planting all three, you can stagger your picking dates to give you more from your season.
Out With The Old In With The New
Some crops, such as radishes, have short growing seasons and the space they were using can be replanted with a later season crop, like onions. The best vegetables for succession planting this way are root vegetables!! When one vegetable matures and is picked, another plant comes in to fill its space in the garden bed. The key to this method is two fold. First, you must choose two plants that have complimentary maturity dates. Second, your plants must like the weather conditions at the time of planting. That is why radishes and onions work so well with this method. Radishes can take a little heat, so plant them early. They take a few weeks to harvest and by then, the weather has cooled off a bit, and onions can be planted in their place. Do your homework with this method and get so much more from your garden.
Some Of My Favorite Fall Succession Companions
- Carrots —-> Onions
- Radishes —> Onions
- Beans —> Mustard
- Spinach —> Strawberries
- Pumpkins —> Strawberries
- Beets —> Garlic
Succession planting allows so much more to be grown in the same space as traditional planting. I encourage you to try it, and I think if you do, you will be amazed at what all you can grow!
Need Help Getting A Succession Plan?
Check out my print and plant plans for fall HERE. All the work is done for you and you can enjoy your garden without any of the planning work! I have it all ready for you. Just print and plant!
This plan will give you delicious greens all winter long. A teepee in the middle of the bed adds height, a trellis for climbing greens, as well as a beautiful artistic element. The garden should be a feast for the body, the eyes, and the soul. These plans will help you achieve that.
Learn more HERE.